Directors of firms that cold-call consumers can now be fined up to 500,000 under new rules that have come into force. A ban on unsolicited phone calls came into effect in September this year. But some directors whose firms were shut down were able to evade fines by declaring bankruptcy - and then starting up a new company. The Information Commissioner's Office said the new rules would make it easier to punish those responsible. "We welcome this amendment to the law which will increase the tools we have to protect the public," said Andy Curry, who heads up the nuisance calls team at the information watchdog. "It will mean we can recover the fine more easily and also make it much harder for unscrupulous operators to set up in business again."

Last year, more than 3.9 billion nuisance calls and texts were made to UK households, according to the telecoms regulator, Ofcom. 'Act swiftly'

The nuisance phone calls are typically about payment protection insurance (PPI) mis-selling or accident claims. However, in the past six months the most frequent calls have come from firms claiming to be BT, HMRC or TalkTalk, according to consumer group Which?. The number of complaints about such calls fell in October, following the ban. Nevertheless in that month alone there were still more than 15,000 complaints about nuisance calls, broken down as follows:

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